This research shows that an authoritative parenting style is associated with healthier child development. Children and adolescents of adults that used this authoritative style of parenting proved more socially competent than those children that did not experience it. These children are also more likely to show responsible behavior.
You also may be interested in this
link that briefly explains what each style means, and how each one affects children.
Finally, these are a series of videos by Dr. Ari Brown that can help you learn more about various parenting styles.